Young Students

Norms

Below are some typical speech and language norms

LANGUAGE NORMS

By 12 months your baby should be able to;

  • Combine sounds and gestures eg points to something and makes a sound combination "ahha"

  • Start using single words ; e.g. mum, dad, cat, car, more, go

  • Understand simple commands e.g " no"

  • Understand the names of familiar objects or people

  • Try to make familiar sounds eg animal/car sounds

By the age of TWO your toddler should be able to;

  • Name simple body parts

  • Listen to stories and name pictures

  • Understand simple sentences e.g " where's your hat?"

  • Use more than 50 words

  • Beginning to use two word combinations eg "milk gone", "no car", "mum fast"

  • Sing simple songs

  • Use some pronouns instead of names eg "he", "it"

By the age of THREE, your child should be able to;

  • Recognize their own needs, eg "hunger"

  • Follow directions

  • Use 3-4 word sentences eg " mummy juice all gone", " I get my car", "big truck goes fast"

  • Begin to use basic grammar

  • Asks lots of questions

  • Be understood by familiar adults

By the age of FOUR, your child should be able to;

  • Understand shape and colour names

  • Understand some "time" words e.g. "lunchtime", "today"

  • Ask who, what and why questions

  • Use 4-5 word sentences

  • Use correct grammar with occasional mistakes e.g " she falled down"

  • Be understood by most people

SPEECH SOUND ACQUISITION

3;0

/p/ /m/ /h/ /n/ /w/ /b/ /d/ /t/ /y/

4;0

/k/ /g/ /f/ /s/ /z/ /sh/ /ch/ /j/

4;5

/l/ /s/ blends ( sp, sm, st, sn, sw, sk)

5;0

/v/

6;0

/r/, other blend sounds (bl, gl, fl, sl, pl, cl, br, gr, tr, dr, fr, pr, cr, tw, kw, spr, scr, spl, str, skw)

7;0

/th/

Phonological Processes

(please click the link to view common phonological processes)